Atomic Bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki
An atomic bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki is a historical event that will forever remain a mystery to the Japanese people. August 6th, 1945 is the day that the United States of America used a colossal atomic bombing attack against Japan in Hiroshima. The bomb was equivalent to twenty thousand tons of TNT. The attack flattened Hiroshima city and thousands of the Japanese people died in that horrible event. Before the Japanese could comprehend what had happened, the US made another massive attack on Nagasaki.
Enola Gay will forever be remembered in that event. It was a B-29 bomber that was used by the US to carry out the horrible massacre. There were twelve men on board who ensured that the mission run smoothly. The aircraft had been modified in order to accommodate such a huge atomic bombing. It had stronger engines and newly modified propellers. It was escorted by two bombers which had numerous measuring devices.
Initially, the US had four target cities to choose from; Niiigita, Kokura, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Henry L. Stimson, the secretary of War in the US by that time had chosen Kyoto. However, the committee argued that it was important to choose the cities which had been untouched during the war. The administration of the United States decided that Hiroshima and Negasaki were the best target cities. The reasons for launching the attacks were Japan to surrender to America as fast as possible in order to reduce the US casualties and to develop the US dominance globally. Scholars have established that the US had to use the atomic bomb ahead of Soviet Union’s attack on Japan.
At exactly 8:15 a.m., the bomb exploded. The entire city was destroyed within few minutes. It is estimated that out of 350, 000 people who hailed in Hiroshima city, about 70,000 died on the spot. Takaki (1995) contend that approximately 70, 000 people also died due to radiation within 5 years. Expert says that about 85% of the buildings in Hiroshima were entirely destroyed. Similar impacts prevailed in Nagasaki, however, the impact was lesser compared to Hiroshima. It is estimated that the number of those who died in Nagasaki ranged between 40,000 and 95,000. Currently, Hiroshima city attracts numerous people from around the globe to join in making paper cranes in remembrance of those who died in the two cities.
In conclusion, the US attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki has enormous. The impacts of the bombing were devastating. This is an event that will forever remain in the history of Japan.