Leukemia is a very common disease in this present age. It is one of the dreadful conditions that have caused a stir in the society. Well, leukemia is a combination of cancers that normally starts from the bone marrow and ends up in high numbers of unusual white blood cells. These blood components do not develop fully and are known as leukemia cells or “blasts”. Therefore, leukemia is simply a cancer and growth of the blood cells.
It has become a great concern for many health professionals, health institutions and governments. It is one of the health complications that pose a lot of challenges while handling it with a very small percentage of successfully going through treatment. It is a scary condition both for the patient and close relatives especially when it comes to administering treatment.
Causes and symptoms
The exact causes of leukemia may not be known. However there are certain risk factors that are associated with its development. The condition is commonly identified through pain inherent in the bones or the body joints. Others include lymph nodes that are swollen and that normally don’t hurt. The affected individual can also experience night sweats and fevers, getting tired and feeling weak quite often.
Anyone suffering from Leukemia will also get bruised easily and easy bleeding as well. Additionally, the person can get infected quite often, have some swellings and discomfort around the abdomen. A loss of appetite leading to a loss of weight can also be noticed at some advanced leukemia case.
Types of Leukemia, Diagnosis and Treatment
Leukemia is classified based on the rate at which the condition develops that can be termed as either chronic or acute. The type of cells affected is also used to define the Leukemia condition – myelocytes or lymphocytes. Based on such classification, leukemia can be lymphocytic, chronic myelocytic and acute myelocytic.
Individuals suffering from leukemia get other infections easily. These could be in form of bleeding and anemia. This can further be determined by the leukemia type. Leukemia diagnosis is supported through medical history findings and assessments on the bone marrow and blood samples using a microscope.
The approach in treatment is entirely defined by the leukemia type, specific leukemia cells features, and the severity of the diseases and the treatment history together with the health and age of the patient. Most people suffering from Leukemia get treatment through chemotherapy while others could have radiation therapy and/or the transplantation of bone marrow.